Greece / Rome
Doctors gathered around temples, called Asklepiads – sons of Asclepius. Temples of Asclepius – Asclepieions, were places where the sick came. After offering a sacrifice, they washed their body and entrusted themselves to the care of the priests. They were treated with sleep, herbs, and simple surgeries. The services of the priests were free, but every healed person donated a votive tablet to the temple. Hippocrates was a student of Democritus. Democritus performed the first surgeries on animals, which Hippocrates developed further. Hippocrates believed that when a disease manifests itself, the natural power of the body is able to heal it. Health is a state of internal balance. Hippocrates used compresses, bandages, water and mud baths, sunbathing, and massages. The main healing force is nature itself, and the doctor is only there to assist it. He created the first descriptions of cold, solar heat, light, and physical exercises as therapeutic treatments.